What happens after you file the form I-485, adjustment of status?
Also known as a Green Card application
Approx. 2 to 3 weeks after filing
You receive your application receipt from the USCIS
If you prepared and submitted your application correctly, the USCIS will typically respond 2 to 3 weeks later with a letter in the mail. This receipt letter is called the Form I-797C, Notice of Action.
Save this letter! You need the receipt number to check your USCIS status.
Have your receipt? Check your status here.
Approx. 3 to 5 weeks after filing
You receive your appointment notice for biometrics
Typically 3 to 5 weeks after filing, you will receive a notice for your biometrics appointment. This will include your appointment date, time, and location. Most of the time, the location will be the closest USCIS office.
Do not miss your appointment!
Approx. 5 to 8 weeks after filing
Go To Your Biometrics Appointment
During your biometrics appointment, the USCIS will check your fingerprints, take your photo, and ask for your signature. This appointment is usually pretty short and lasts approximately 30 minutes.
Bring these items to your biometrics appointment:
- Your Passport or photo identification issued by your country
- Your Driver’s License
- Military Photo Identification (if you have it)
- State issued Photo Identification Card
Approx. 12 to 16 weeks after filing
You receive your EAD Card (if you filed for it)
If you included the form I-765, application for employment authorization, and form I-131, application for travel, in your application, you will receive an Employment Authorization Document (EAD). Also known as a work permit. The EAD and advance parole travel document are both combined into 1 single card:
If you receive this card, it means the USCIS considers you an adjustment of status applicant who may work in the United States and travel outside the United States according to the criteria of advance parole.
Approx. 4 to 10 months after filing
You receive your notice for your USCIS interview
It’s time to prepare for your interview! Don’t worry or be scared, the interview is a normal part of the application process and typically happens at your nearest USCIS office. The USCIS may require your petitioner to attend with you, or they may not. Your interview notice will arrive by mail via the Form I-797, Notice of Action.
Do not miss your interview!
Approx. 6 to 12 months after filing
Go to your USCIS interview!
Adjustment of status interviews usually take around 30 minutes at your nearest USCIS office. It’s a good idea to properly prepare, make sure to bring the following items:
- A complete copy of your entire application.
- Originals of any documents that you sent along with your application.
- Advance parole document and/or employment authorization card (if you have one)
- Your passport
Approx. 8 to 14 months after filing
You receive your Green Card!
If your application and interview are approved, you will receive your Green Card in the mail approximately 8 to 14 months after you initially filed. If your application is rejected, the USCIS will mail you a notice explaining the reasons for the denial.
Once you have received your green card, you no longer need your EAD card. Legal Permanent Residents have the right to travel inside and outside the United States. A Green Card is also proof that you have the right to work in the United States.